Harvesting is the process of gathering useful parts and/or crops from the field. It is done once all the nutrients have been filled and the edible parts are matured. The season in which this maturity occurs, and harvesting is done is called the harvesting season. The word “harvest” is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word “haerfest” meaning autumn, which is the season during which the harvest takes place.
An important part of harvesting is known as reaping, which is the process of cutting off the useful parts of a plant. This is done with minimal mechanization in smaller farms, whereas in larger farms a lot of automation & mechanization is required.
In cannabis, the harvesting season is identified by closely analyzing the female plant. The white pistils appear brown on a matured plant, and once 50-80% of them have turned brown, harvesting can begin. An alternative way to find maturity is by looking at the trichomes, which turn sticky and look like sugar once they’ve ripened. Once cannabis is mature, either the whole plant or some branches are clipped off. When this is done, it is essential to not touch the buds because they may release THC and become sticky.
After harvesting, growth pauses to indicate the end of the growing season. In some cultures, the harvest is celebrated in the form of a festival.