The term industrial hemp refers to a particular variety of the cannabis sativa plant which is used industrially. It is a temperate and pacific northwest regional crop which grows best in northern latitudes and can belong to a few different categories depending on the height and size of the plant. These plants are used to produce paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, health food, fuel, and medicine. By law, hemp may be considered industrial when it is made up of less than 0.3% THC.
Industrial hemp is one of the fastest-growing plants. Cannabis sativa contains the psychoactive component known as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and higher concentrations of Cannabidiol (CBD).
Benefits of growing industrial hemp include the following:
- The leaves of the hemp plant can be used in salads
- The production of hempcrete: Concrete-like blocks made with hemp and lime which may be used as an insulating material for construction
- Industrial materials like fabrics may be made from hemp fiber
- Hemp seeds provide 64% of the Daily Value (DV) of protein per 100-gram serving.
- Production of hemp jewelry, which comprises of bracelets, rings, watches, necklaces, anklets and other adornments
- Hemp can be used for working against wastewater, sewage, and more
- Hemp may be used industrially and commercially for making paper, soap, shoes, rope, cosmetics, moisturizer, clothing, carpet, leather, and more
A cultivator must seek permission from the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to start growing Industrial hemp in his/her farm. This is due to the Unites State’s control over drug enforcement laws.