Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a strategy-based program that focuses on the long-term prevention, monitoring, and control of pests and their damage. It utilizes a combination of techniques such as cultural, biological, and structural control, habitat manipulation, and the use of resistant varieties. With IPM, the use of pesticides can be minimized, and the toxicity of, and exposure to, any harmful products can be eliminated.
Pesticides can be used only after monitoring results indicate that they are needed according to established guidelines, and treatments are made with the goal of removing only the target organism. In addition, it must be certified that a pesticide does not negatively affect the mother plant in any way. Pest control materials mustn’t risk the health of humans, beneficial and non-target organisms, or the environment.
The six major components that are common in almost all the IPM programs are the following:
- Pest identification
- Monitoring and measuring the number & damage
- Following the guidelines as suggested by the management
- Preventing pest problems
- Using a plethora of management and control tools
- Analyzing the effects of pest management