The male portion of a flower is the pollen grain that is loaded with stamen, while the egg-holding pistil is the female part. Most plants sprout bisexual flowers, which means the flower has both male and female parts. There are also plants that grow separate male and female flowers, while other plants have both bisexual and single-sex flowers.
Marijuana male flowers produce small bell-shaped clusters that hang down, open, and release pollen. On the other hand, females produce tear-shaped calyxes with two, usually white, pistils which group together and form buds.
Benefits of male flowers include the following:
- Breeding: When pollinating females, males provide half of the genetic makeup inherited by seeds. Because of this, it’s important to research the genetics of male plants.
- Hemp fiber: Male cannabis plants produce a softer material while females are responsible for producing a more coarse, stronger fiber. The soft fiber from the male plants makes them more desirable for products like clothing, tablecloths, and other household items.
- Concentrate production: The plants do not produce buds, but small amounts of cannabinoids that can be found in the leaves, stems, and sacs which can be extracted to produce hash or other oils.
Gardening: Both male and female cannabis plants produce aromatic oils called terpenes, which are associated with pest and disease control.