Industrial hemp CBD may sound like an oxymoron of sorts to some people. Here’s why:
When some people think of industrial hemp what comes to mind is fiber, fuel, paper, cosmetics, and construction. On the other hand when they think of cannabidiol (CBD) what comes to mind is the therapeutic component of hemp. So, is there an in-between when it comes to industrial hemp and CBD? This is what is answered comprehensively in this article.
Is there CBD in Industrial Hemp?
Yes, you will find CBD in industrial hemp. The amount will vary according to the strain or phenotype of the hemp plant as well as the part of the plant in question.
Generally, industrial hemp contains fewer cannabinoids as compared to medicinal hemp.
This is why:
High fiber content is preferred above high cannabinoid content when it comes to hemp for industrial use.
Industrial hemp in the US contains negligible amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This means that the CBD derived from industrial hemp will not have psychoactive properties that come about as a result of the THC.
How much CBD is in Industrial Hemp?
Hemp that is cultivated for industrial use tends to grow very tall and thin. This kind of hemp will have more fiber but fewer cannabinoids. This is not the best source of CBD. Furthermore, industrial hemp that is legal in many countries is restricted to the stalks and seeds of the plant. Other parts of the plant have to be disposed of legally.
Most CBD is found in the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. The stalk contains a small amount of CBD while the seeds do not contain any CBD at all.
Therefore, the leaves and flowers of hemp will have high amounts of THC while the stalk will have small amounts of CBD.
What Is Industrial Hemp CBD?
Industrial hemp CBD is cannabidiol that has been extracted from hemp plants that were cultivated specifically for industrial use. As a result, this hemp contains small amounts of CBD but will have high fiber content.
In the US, industrial hemp CBD contains minimal amounts of THC (less than 0.3%) and therefore cannot be used for recreation. Just like other forms of CBD, industrial hemp CBD has several therapeutic benefits. The CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system of the body through receptors to promote wellness and healing. Because CBD is non-psychoactive, industrial hemp CBD can be used by children, pets as well as older individuals.
Industrial hemp CBD may contain extra terpenes and cannabinoids that boost its therapeutic potential. The most important use of industrial hemp CBD is its therapeutic use.
Is Industrial Hemp CBD Legal?
In many countries where industrial hemp is legal, the extraction of CBD for medicinal use is outlawed. To ensure this, the flowers and leaves of the plant have to be disposed of legally while the stalks and seeds are reserved for industrial use.
In the US, hemp-derived CBD is legal in all the states. The same goes for the UK. Hemp-derived CBD is sold freely on different websites and is legal for as long as it contains less than 0.3% and 0.2% THC respectively. However, both the US and the UK do not allow CBD extraction from hemp that was cultivated for industrial use.
In Germany, industrial hemp CBD (with less than 0.02% THC) is also legal and sold on the internet. China, on the other hand, has very stringent laws governing CBD use. As much as China is the largest exporter of industrial hemp, industrial hemp CBD (or any other form of CBD) is illegal.
Canada, Portugal, and some states in the US (such as Colorado, Illinois, and California) have legalized recreational cannabis. Consequently, they have hemp-friendly laws and will freely allow the use and sale of industrial hemp CBD.
Can you Extract CBD from Industrial Hemp?
CBD can be extracted from industrial hemp using ethanol or supercritical carbon dioxide filtration. The process is the same when you are extracting CBD from the hemp of cannabis.
The plant material is decarboxylated and later a solvent is passed through the plant material to extract the cannabinoids. The solvent is then evaporated to remove any impurities from the extract.
In most countries where industrial hemp has been legalized the extraction of industrial hemp CBD is still outlawed.
A report that was posted by the Minnesota state clearly stated that “it is not legal to extract CBD, CBG, or any other cannabinoid, from industrial hemp.”
Industrial hemp CBD is a grey area in many countries. Even though it contains a negligible amount of THC, the association with marijuana makes this a muddy issue.